document.styleSheets object, and
There’s an interesting DOM feature that I just came across that’s a method of the
document object that allows you to remove elements from an
<iframe> that’s embedded on a page and drop them into the current page (or vice versa).
In other words, you adopt the elements from the child frame into the parent. The code for
document.adoptNode() looks like this:
For example, consider the following code:
In CSS, every property has what’s referred to as an initial value. Sometimes this is called the default value, but the spec uses the term initial, which I think is a slightly better term.
Technically speaking, the initial value of any given property needs to be declared only if that value is overriding a previously-defined value that’s not the initial value. But initial values are often present even when they’re not necessary.
For example, suppose I have a block-level element that I want to take up the full width of its parent. I want it to sit on its own “line”, so to speak, in the layout, so I add the following CSS:
As summer officially approaches, you might find a little down time during a vacation or other weekend getaway to do some reading, watching, or listening — or maybe even take a full-blown online course of some sort in order to pick up a new skill.
In the past, I did the occasional “Learning Tools” issue in my newsletter, where I would list resources like these. But because I have so many regular tools to include, I’ve stopped doing those for now. My list of learning resources is still pretty big, so I thought a roundup here would be appropriate. Enjoy!
If you’ve been writing CSS for some time, then you’ve certainly done something similar to the following, and likely multiple times in a single stylesheet:
The lone declaration in the rule set above is what’s commonly referred to as a font stack. This line defines the font that the browser should use for the specified element (in this case, for the
<body> element). The stack is “Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”. This instructs the browser to take the following steps:
In most cases, you should not use a leading or trailing space in an HTML attribute value. For example, if you add a leading or trailing space to an ID attribute, you wouldn’t be able to hook into that value in CSS using the ID selector (not that you use IDs as selectors, right?):
This happens because spaces are not allowed in an ID selector. But interestingly, there is a way around that using CSS’s attribute selector:
As you probably know, there are a number of HTML attributes that are considered global because they can be applied to any HTML element. Common examples include
One that was added a number of years ago in HTML5, and you may have forgotten about, is used on two elements in the following code:
There are two things here that you’re probably already aware of. First, HTML includes an
<output> element that allows you to display the “result of a calculation”. It’s a form element and it’s been around for some time, having been added in HTML5.
The other thing you’re likely to be aware of is that the
for attribute is normally used on the
<label> element to associate a
<label> with a form element. This aids accessibility and usability, as you’ve probably discovered as both a developer and a user. But interestingly, the
for attribute can also be used on the
This just in: Web developers are easily swayed by tentacled sea creatures. But wait, I’m getting ahead of myself. I’ll get back to that in a moment.
Caching and cache-busting front-end resources have been common for a number of years now. When dealing with front-end resources, you want to be able to accomplish two things: